The female mammoth, discovered by the scientists in Siberia, with blood and well preserved muscle tissue, has few secrets on its own. Seems like the blood of the mammoth acted like an antifreeze thus helping mammoths survive the latest glaciation.
“True, we are planning to clone the discovered mammoth. Blood and tissue tests will show whether this is possible. The international community is excited. Sensational discoveries are made year after year because of global warming and growing interest in the procurement of mammoth tusk,” Fyodorov said.
The tests of mammoth blood and tissue would produce valuable scientific data and either prove or deny the mammoth cloning possibility, head of the Lazarev Mammoth Museum of the Northeastern Federal University’s Research Institute of Applied Ecology of the North Semyon Grigoryev said.
“The Northeastern Federal University and the Sooam Korean Foundation agreed last year to cooperate in the Mammoth Resurrection project. We think that mammoth samples brought to Yakutsk will help make a decision on cloning,” Grigoryev said.
Scientists said that they have managed to find the mammoth blood during the excavation of the animal on the Lyakhovsky Islands, the southernmost group of New Siberian Islands in the Arctic seas of northeastern Russia.
Speaking to The Voice of Russia Wednesday, Dr Semen Grigoryev of Russia’s Applied Arctic Ecology Institute said that blood samples taken from a mammoth carcass discovered buried in permafrost on one of the New Siberian Islands remains liquid inside a fridge at minus 17 Celsius.
The global warming spell that put an end to the latest Eurasian glaciation caused the extinction of the woolly mammoth.
“It can be assumed that the blood of mammoths had smoe cryo-protective properties,” said Semyon Grigoriev, head of the Museum of Mammooths of the Institute od Applied Ecology of the North at the North Eastern Federal University.
The blood was places in a tube and sent to the laboratory for the bacteriological analysis. The muscle tissue was also well preserved, and also had the natural red color of fresh meat. This degree of preservation could be explained by the fact that the lower part of the mammoth’s body was trapped in pure ice, while the upper part was discovered in the middle of the tundra.
It was assessed that the mammoth female was old between 50 and 60 years when it died. Grigoriev also said that this was unique find and that it is likely it will prompt international intrigue.
We are the first in the world to find the carcass of an adult female mammoth. Now she, along with the bones and some ice, weighs about one ton. We assume that during life she weighed about three tons,” he acknowledged and added that the mammoth lived from estimated 10,000 to 15,000 years ago.
It is expected that the foreign experts will be able to see the mammoth in July.
Even though so far three adolt mammoth carcasses, including the latest finding, have been in the history of paleonthology, the scientist, despite the good condition of preservation, have not yet managed to find enough living cells for cloning the species, although there is still lot of controversy around the issue of cloning.
Grigoriev emphasized that the DNA repair is very complex and may take several years.
Mammoth tissues and blood may help clone the extinct animal, exhibitions department head of the Lazarev Mammoth Museum of the Northeastern Federal University’s Research Institute of Applied Ecology of the North Sergei Fyodorov said.
In 2012 team of researchers from Russia and South Korea have said that they had discovered mammoth tissue fragments with living cells, however the number of them was too small to achieve successful cloning and the whole idea was treated with scepticism.
Mammoths are believed to have died off around 4,000 years ago. Among the scientists there is still big dispute about what caused their extinction.