With the Fourth Nuclear Security Summit focussing on safeguards framework, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has urged the international community to take bold action against the nexus between state actors and nuke traffickers.

Addressing the two-day Summit in Washington on Thursday, Prime Minister Modi launched a veiled attack on Pakistan, saying it is unfortunate that some state actors are working with nuclear traffickers and terrorists, thus, posing a serious threat to the global nuclear security. He requested leaders of more than 50 countries and four international organisations – the European Union (EU), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Interpol, and the UN – to drop the notion that “his terrorist is not my terrorist”.

The Indian premier stressed that the March 22 terror attacks in the Belgian capital of Brussels showed real character of terrorism and it would be important to strengthen nuclear security in order to protect the human race. Modi further requested all countries to meet their international obligations, as far as nuclear security was concerned. In the presence of US President Barrack Obama, British Prime Minister David Cameron and Prime Minister of New Zealand John Key, the Indian PM said that the global community should focus on the contemporary features of terror. According to Modi, it has become really difficult to catch a terrorist in a city with a computer or a smart phone, as today’s terrorism uses extreme violence as ‘theatre’. “State actors, working with nuclear traffickers and terrorists, present the greatest risk,” he told the audience.

Modi made clear that modern terrorists, who are using 21st century technology, could not be tackled by one country and with obsolete technologies. “The reach and supply chains of terrorism are global. Terrorism is globally networked. But, we still act only nationally to counter this threat,” he added.

The PM claimed that India, as a source of nuclear material, has become a potential target of nuclear terrorism. At the same time, he assured the international community that the South Asian country installed a foolproof security system to guard its nuclear installations properly. He raised the issue of nuclear security while commenting on a report prepared by the Washington DC-based Nuclear Threat Initiative. In its report, the Initiative clearly stated: “India’s nuclear materials security conditions could be improved by strengthening laws and regulations for on-site physical protection, control and accounting, and mitigating the insider threat, and ensuring protection of materials during transport is in line with IAEA guidance.”

The visiting Indian PM is scheduled to share steps taken by New Delhi to secure its nuclear assets with participants of the Summit on Friday. Later, he will hold separate meetings with President Obama, Prime Minister Cameron and other world leaders to discuss various bilateral issues. On Saturday, Prime Minister Modi will travel to Saudi Arabian capital of Riyadh for a two-day visit at the invitation of King Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud.

Koushik Das, based in the Indian capital of New Delhi, is a senior news editor with more than 15 years of experience. He also runs a blog - Boundless Ocean of Politics. E-Mail: [email protected]